Female Nobel Laureates in the Sciences

This week, the Nobel Prize committees announced the 2017 Laureates across various disciplines, including physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine. In order to mark this occasion, Discov'Her brings you a complete list of all female Nobel Laureates in the fields of science over the course of history.

 1. Marie Curie

The most famous of all female scientists, Marie Curie was awarded the Nobel Prize twice. The first award was in Physics for her research into radiation phenomena in 1903, which she won jointly with her husband Pierre, and Henri Becquerel. Then, in 1911, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her discovery of radium and polonium.


2. Irène Joliot-Curie

Like mother like daughter. Irène Joliot-Curie and her husband, Frédéric, were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935 for their discovery of artificial radioactivity.


3. Gerty Cori

Gerty Cori was a Czech-American biochemist, and was the first American woman to win a Nobel Prize in any science. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1947 for her discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen in the body.


4. Maria Goeppert Mayer

Maria Goeppert Mayer was a German-born American theoretical physicist who was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics with two other scientists for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure in 1963. It is important to note that no other woman has been awarded a Nobel Prize in Physics since. Hopefully, that will change this year!


5. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin was a British chemist who was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her determinations of the structures of important biochemical substances using X-ray techniques.


6. Rosalyn Yalow

Rosalyn Yalow was an American medical physicist who, in 1977, was awarded a joint Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine for her role in the development of the radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique which, by measuring substances in the human body, made possible the screening the blood of donors for such diseases as hepatitis, and now, can test innumerable medical conditions.


7. Barbara McClintock

Barbara McClintock received the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her discovery of genetic transposition, which she had studied for many years, but had nearly given up on as her work was not understood by her peers earlier in her career.


8. Rita Levi-Montalcini

Rita Levi-Montalcini was an Italian neurologist who was jointly awarded the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her role in the discovery of nerve growth factors.


9. Gertrude B Elion

Gertrude B Elion was an American biochemist who was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1988 for her discoveries of important principles for drug treatment. Over the course of her career, she invented drugs that varied in use, from malaria drugs to immunosuppressant for organ transplants.


10. Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard is a German biologist. Her role in the discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development earned her a joint Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1995.


11. Linda B. Buck

Linda Buck is an American biologist who jointly won the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her work on the olfactory system.


12. Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi is a French virologist whose fundamental research resulted in the identification of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), as well as the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, which she shared with her mentor, Luc Montagnier.


13. Elizabeth Blackburn and Carol W. Greider

Elizabeth Blackburn & Carol W. Greider are biologists who jointly won the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase, a factor that determines cells’ life spans.


14. Ada E. Yonath

Ada E. Yonath was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009 for her research on the structure and function of ribosomes, becoming the first Israeli and Middle Eastern woman to win a Nobel Prize in the sciences.


15. May-Britt Moser

May-Britt Moser is a Norwegian neuroscientist who, together with her husband, won the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain.


16. Tu Youyou

Tu Youyou is a Chinese pharmaceutical chemist who is best known for discovering artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin, which are used to treat malaria. She was awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in recognition of these life-saving discoveries, becoming the first female Chinese citizen to win a Nobel in any category.


Do you know any female scientists whose achievements should be up for consideration in the coming years? Let us know@4womeninscience

L’Oréal–UNESCO
For Women in Science

Before downloading this file

We confirm that the use of the Contents provided on this website is strictly for editorial purposes only.

We understand and confirm that any use, reproduction or representation of the Content provided on the Site (in whole or in part) or of the elements which comprise it, for commercial purposes whatsoever, is not authorized and violations in this regard shall invite strict legal action as per applicable laws & regulations.

We understand and confirm that the right to use the Content is on non-exclusive, non-transferable basis.

We hereby confirm that all information/statements/certificate in this database are provided without any warranty, express or implied, as to their legal effect, completeness and effects of any transaction under process may not be completely reflected.

We hereby confirm that all information/statements/certificate should be used in accordance with applicable laws. Use of information/statements/certificate shall be at my/ our own risk and L’OREAL shall not be responsible for the same.

We do hereby confirm that by using this Site, I/we am/are deemed to have accepted these Terms of Use without reserve.

I agree to the terms of use

Download

Cancel